On average, American residents each use about 100 gallons of water per day, while those in Europe use about 50 gallons a day, and a resident of sub-Saharan Africa uses about five gallons of water per day. The Tree Hugger Website offers some smart ways to reduce your water usage:
Turn off the tap when brushing your teeth or shaving. The average faucet releases two gallons of water per minute.
Fix leaky sinks and running toilets: Up to 200 gallons of water each day can flow through a running toilet. At the sink, one drip per second equals 3,000 gallons per year!
Wash your produce in a bowl in the sink. Or, save cooking water used for boiling or steaming. Once cooled, this water is perfectly fine for flushing the toilet or watering plants.
Take a bucket to the shower. While waiting for the water to warm, collect it and use it for toilet flushes or for watering plants.
Compost food scraps instead of sending them down the garbage disposal.
Shower or Bath? A bath uses up to 70 gallons of water; a five-minute shower uses 10 to 25 gallons. Also, installing a low-flow shower head can save water and money.
When doing laundry, try to wash only full loads, use cold water, and minimize detergent use.
In your landscaping, mulch to retain water and plant hardy, native, water-saving trees and shrubs. Water in the early morning or late evening, or install drip irrigation.